How To Install PIP to Manage Python Packages in Linux

by dev.nvcong
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Pip (recursive acronym for “Pip Installs Packages” or “Pip Installs Python“) is a cross-platform package manager for installing and managing Python packages (which can be found in the Python Package Index (PyPI)) that comes with Python 2 >=2.7.9 or Python 3 >=3.4 binaries that are downloaded from python.org.

Suggested Read: How to Install Latest Python 3.6 Version in Ubuntu

In this article, we will explain how to install PIP on mainstream Linux distributions.

Note: We will run all commands as the root user, if you are managing your system as a normal user, then use the sudo command to get root privileges or you can as well configure your system to run sudo command without entering a password, it’s possible. Try it out!

Install PIP in Linux Systems

To install pip in Linux, run the appropriate command for your distribution as follows:

Install PIP On Debian/Ubuntu

# apt install python-pip	#python 2
# apt install python3-pip	#python 3

Install PIP On CentOS and RHEL

Unluckily, pip is not packaged in official software repositories of CentOS/RHEL. So you need to enable the EPEL repository and then install it like this.

# yum install epel-release 
# yum install python-pip

Install PIP on Fedora

# dnf install python-pip	#Python 2
# dnf install python3		#Python 3

Install PIP on Arch Linux

# pacman -S python2-pip	        #Python 2
# pacman -S python-pip	        #Python 3

Install PIP on openSUSE

# zypper install python-pip	#Python 2
# zypper install python3-pip	#Python 3

How to Use PIP in Linux Systems

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To install, uninstall or search new packages, use these commands.

# pip install packageName
# pip uninstall packageName
# pip search packageName

To see a list of all commands type:

# pip help
Sample Output
Usage:   
  pip <command> [options]

Commands:
  install                     Install packages.
  download                    Download packages.
  uninstall                   Uninstall packages.
  freeze                      Output installed packages in requirements format.
  list                        List installed packages.
  show                        Show information about installed packages.
  check                       Verify installed packages have compatible dependencies.
  search                      Search PyPI for packages.
  wheel                       Build wheels from your requirements.
  hash                        Compute hashes of package archives.
  completion                  A helper command used for command completion.
  help                        Show help for commands.

In this article, we showed you how to install PIP on mainstream Linux distributions. To ask any questions relating to this topic, please take advantage of the feedback form below.

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